Earth and Environmental Sciences courses

EENS 1050 Dinosaurs
Dinosaurs
Evolution of the dinosaurs and their ancestors. An examination of dinosaurs' classification, morphology, and modes of life. Emphasis on their fossil record and man's concept about dinosaurs.
credit hours: 3

EENS 1110 Physical Geology
Physical Geology
The origin, nature and evolution of the Earth-Moon system and their constituent materials; development of Earth's surface features through interaction of physical, chemical, and biological processes over geologic time; considerations of interactions between Earth processes and present day human activity.
Co-requisites: EENS 1115.
credit hours: 3

EENS 1115 Physical Geology Laboratory
Physical Geology Laboratory
A hands-on study of rocks, minerals, landforms and geologic structures using topographic maps, aerial photographs, physical models, field examination and independent research projects. One laboratory per week; field trips.
Co-requisites: EENS 1110.
credit hours: 1

EENS 1120 Earth History
Earth History
The physical evolution of the Earth over the past 4.6 billion years.
Co-requisites: EENS 1125.
credit hours: 3

EENS 1125 Earth History Laboratory
Earth History Laboratory
An introduction to the study and use of fossils as recorders of geologic time. The lab also employs geologic maps and cross-sections to unravel geologic histories of various regions.
Co-requisites: EENS 1120.
credit hours: 1

EENS 1200 Earth Systems
Earth Systems
An introduction to the variety of processes that shape the Earth's surface. This includes an outline of the evolution of the surface of our planet, focusing primarily on the past few million years. This time interval is particularly relevant to understanding the Earth system in which we live and that is undergoing rapid transformation due to human activities.
credit hours: 3

EENS 1300 Earth as a Living Planet
Earth as a Living Planet
An introduction to the interaction of earth systems and man; anthropogenic impacts of population growth and economic development; renewable and non-renewable resources, air, water and soil pollution and mitigation; ecosystems and biological diversity; and environmental problem solving using the scientific method. Students develop a holistic understanding of environmental science using class discussions and laboratories to reinforce basic scientific principles.
Co-requisites: EENS 1305.
credit hours: 3

EENS 1310 Earth as a Living Planet Laboratory
Earth as a Living Planet Laboratory
Laboratory to accompany EENS 1300.
Co-requisites: EENS 1300.
credit hours: 1

EENS 1890 Service Learning
Service Learning
Service learning component to Earth and Environmental Sciences courses. See Schedule of Classes each semester for offerings. 20 or 40 hours of public service with a CPS approved community partner.
credit hours: 0

EENS 2020 Environmental Geology
Environmental Geology
The interaction of humans and their geologic environment. A study of Earth processes and their action on rocks, soil, fluids, and life in ways that either affect or control the human environment. The effect of humans on their environment with consideration of the feedback between Earth processes and human activities. Lectures and field trips.
credit hours: 3

EENS 2030 History of Life
History of Life
Multi-disciplinary introduction to the evolution of life on Earth, from its origin through the Pleistocene. Evolution and ecology of organisms in primitive environments, with special attention given to key taxa and events, such as the transition to land, the origin of angiosperms, the rise and fall of dinosaurs, and the origin and early evolution of reptiles, birds, and mammals. Emphasis placed on the reconstruction of ancient environments, using modern ecological and evolutionary principles as a guideline to the nature of early biological communities and ecosystems.
credit hours: 3

EENS 2060 Introductory Geography
Introductory Geography
An introduction to the basic facts concerning the physical environment: landforms, climates, vegetation and soils, followed by a comprehensive survey of the relationship between the physical environment and human activity in the major geographic regions of the world. The geography of Louisiana is considered in relation to the region. Recommended to students working toward Louisiana certification in elementary education.
credit hours: 3

EENS 2070 Weather and Climate
Weather and Climate
An introduction to the Earth's atmosphere with particular emphasis on weather and climate. Topics covered include: heating and cooling of the atmosphere; atmospheric circulation and wind; air masses and cyclonic storms; tropical weather and hurricanes; and global climates and climatic change.
credit hours: 3

EENS 2080 Extreme Weather
Extreme Weather
This course is designed to give students a fundamental understanding of severe weather and its impact on man and the environment. Students focus on life cycles of thunderstorms, tornadoes, hurricanes, blizzards, and ice storms, as well as the impacts of temperature and precipitation extremes.
credit hours: 3

EENS 2090 Surface Water Hydrology
Surface Water Hydrology
This course focuses on the movement of water in and among surface water systems and exchanges between the surface, atmospheric and ground water components of the hydrologic cycle. A grade of C- or better is required for the Environmental Earth Science Major.
Pre-requistites: Math 1210
credit hours: 3

EENS 2110 Mineralogy
Mineralogy
Crystallography, mineralogy, and the identification of minerals in hand specimen and using the petrographic microscope.
Notes: A grade of C- or better is required in this course before subsequent enrollment in EENS 2120 is permitted. In addition to lectures, there are two laboratories per week.
Pre-requistites: EENS 1110.
Co-requisites: CHEM 1070/1075 (concurrent enrollment).
credit hours: 4

EENS 2120 Petrology
Petrology
The study of igneous and metamorphic rocks including their nature and origin in both hand specimen and using the petrographic microscope.
Notes: In addition to lectures there are two laboratories per week.
Pre-requistites: EENS 2110.
credit hours: 4

EENS 2230 Oceanography
Oceanography
A broad survey of chemical, physical, and geological oceanography with a brief historical overview and a consideration of current concepts.
credit hours: 3

EENS 3050 Natural Disasters
Natural Disasters
An examination of the causes and effects of natural disasters, such as earthquakes, subsidence, coastal erosion, flooding, severe weather (including hurricanes), and meteorite impacts. Also includes a discussion of options available to mitigate disasters.
credit hours: 3

EENS 3090 Invertebrate Paleontology
Invertebrate Paleontology
Principles of invertebrate paleontology; a systematic treatment of the fossil invertebrates and their living relatives. Emphasis on functional morphology, ontogeny, and paleoecology. Lectures, laboratory, field trips.
Pre-requistites: EENS 1120 or approval of instructor.
credit hours: 3

EENS 3150 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
This course is designed to give students a general understanding of geographic information systems (GIS) and the Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) ArcGIS software. The approach taken is detailed instruction in utilizing ArcGIS to solve problems in the earth and environmental sciences.
Co-requisites: EENS 3151.
credit hours: 3

EENS 3151 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems Laboratory
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems Laboratory
Co-requisites: EENS 3150.
credit hours: 0

EENS 3170 Geomorphology
Geomorphology
The study of processes leading to landform creation and development in response to climate and tectonics. Overview of fundamental and applied activities undertaken by geomorphologists.
Pre-requistites: EENS 1110/1115.
Co-requisites: MATH 1210
credit hours: 3

EENS 3171 Geomorphology Discussion
Geomorphology Discussion
A discussion section to accompany EENS 3170/6170, Geomorphology.
credit hours: 0

EENS 3270 Sedimentation and Stratigraphy
Sedimentation and Stratigraphy
Composition, primary textures, and structures of sediments in major sedimentary environments. Environmental interpretation of ancient sedimentary sequences. The basic principles utilized in interpretation of the stratigraphic column. The associated laboratory focuses primarily on methods of sedimentary analysis. Mandatory field trip to Ouachita Mountains, Arkansas.
Pre-requistites: EENS 2110.
credit hours: 3

EENS 3410 Structural Geology
Structural Geology
Principles and mechanics of rock deformation, the evolution of geological structures, and the relations between structures and plate tectonics. Laboratory section focuses on geological problem solving. Field trip to the Southern Appalachian Mountains.
Pre-requistites: EENS 1110/1115, 2110.
credit hours: 3

EENS 3550 Shark Paleobiology
Shark Paleobiology
This course examines the processes and patterns of shark speciation, diversification, macroevolution, and extinction within the framework of developing a problem-based learning activity using shark teeth for a K-12 classroom. Particular emphasis is placed on the systematics and functional morphology of shark teeth.
Pre-requistites: EBIO 1010, EENS 1120/1125, EBIO 3500, EENS 4090, or approval of instructor.
credit hours: 3

EENS 3600 The Science of Climate Change
The Science of Climate Change
This course emphasizes the scientific basis for anthropogenic climate change. Students will learn the physics behind the climate system, how climate has changed in the past and reasons why contemporary climate change is different, the scientific basis for anthropogenic climate change theory and how scientists use models to predict future climate. The course will also provide an overview of the physical, ecological, biological, social and economic impacts of climate change. Finally, students will examine various mitigation and adaptation strategies which society can employ in a warmer world.
credit hours: 3

EENS 3650 Marine Environmental Geology
Marine Environmental Geology
This course is an introduction to the aspects of coastal and marine geology and oceanography that are societally linked through environmental issues and marine resource availability. This will provide a basic science introduction to topics that include estuarine oceanography and sedimentation, eutrophication of coastal waters, primary productivity and deep sea sedimentation, waves and tides, sea level history and the evolution of coastlines, and the geology of the Gulf coastal region. However, the larger goal of the course will be to focus on a series of societally relevant environmental issues with a marine geological connection either in causation or in mitigation/adaptation/solution strategies. These issues are divided broadly into topics relevant to land-ocean connectivity, natural hazards, global climate change, and local/regional anthropogenic effects. In addition to a critical analysis of global (marine) environmental issues, another goal will be to improve presentation skills, both oral and written.
credit hours: 3

EENS 3720 Infrastructure of Sustainable Urban Environments
Infrastructure of Sustainable Urban Environments
Selected elements of the urban physical infrastructure serve as starting points to illustrate concepts from underlying science fields. The central question is "What makes a sustainable city work?" Specifically, the course introduces and reinforces key concepts from physics, chemistry, microbiology and environmental science. The course is divided into four segments, each including a field trip to a site in the New Orleans area that will provide opportunities for experimental learning and first-hand observation of relevant physical phenomena.
credit hours: 3

EENS 3800 Environmental Analysis Laboratory
Environmental Analysis Laboratory
Introduction to basic analytical techniques commonly used in environmental science, with a focus on aqueous and soil/sediment matrices. Includes determination of solids, alkalinity and hardness, adsorption isotherms, oxygen content, conductivity, as well as spectrometric and chromatographic techniques and soil metals analysis.
credit hours: 3

EENS 3890 Service Learning
Service Learning
Service learning component to Earth and Environmental Sciences' courses. See Schedule of Classes each semester for offerings. 20 or 40 hours of public service with a CPS approved community partner.
credit hours: 1

EENS 3970 Special Topics in Environmental Sciences
Special Topics in Environmental Sciences
A special course taught by Tulane faculty or visiting faculty. The topic will be listed in the Schedule of Classes.
credit hours: 3

EENS 3980 Environmental Field Study
Environmental Field Study
The application of basic field methods to practical problems in environmental science. Students typically complete this course at an approved summer field camp offered by another college or university. Students may pursue opportunities in groundwater hydrology, oceanography, remote sensing, environmental field methods, or environmental internships.
Pre-requistites: EENS 3270, 3approval of undergraduate advisor before enrollment.
credit hours: 5

EENS 3990 Field Geology
Field Geology
The application of basic field methods to practical problems in field geology, including the construction of geological maps. Students typically complete this course at an approved summer field camp offered by another college or university.
Pre-requistites: EENS 2120, 3270, 3410 and approval of undergraduate advisor before enrollment.
credit hours: 3-6

EENS 4010 Surface Processes and Landscape Evolution
Surface Processes and Landscape Evolution
This course explores the processes that shape landscapes. The course is focused around a mandatory week-long field trip during spring break in which data are collected to quantify and understand thee evolution of the field site. Lectures review the required theory and methods necessary for the field trip and data analysis post-trip. Grades are based on projects, presentations, written papers, and discussions. Knowledge of GIS is required.

EENS 4020 Geostatistics
Geostatistics
This course is designed to provide students with an understanding of basic statistical techniques, including univariate, multivariate and non-parametric statistics, as applied in the earth and environmental sciences.
credit hours: 3

EENS 4040 Coastal Marine Geology
Coastal Marine Geology
Geomorphic features of estuarine, coastal, and continental shelf environments: erosional, depositional, and geochemical processes; field and laboratory methods; emphasis on dynamic coastal environments of the northern Gulf of Mexico.
Pre-requistites: EENS 1110/1115, 1120/1125, and CHEM 1070, 1080.
credit hours: 3

EENS 4060 Tectonic Geomorphology
Tectonic Geomorphology
The interplay between tectonic processes and the development and modification of landforms, from the scale of earthquake ruptures to mountain building. The course will also include an overview of techniques for analyzing tectonic and geomorphic data, and an introduction to geochronology and thermochronology. Lecture and seminar format; field trip; optional service learning component. 
Pre-requistites: Recommended prior knowledge of structural geology and geomorphology.
credit hours: 3

EENS 4080 Special Topics
Special Topics
A special course taught by Tulane faculty or visiting faculty. The topic will be listed in the Schedule of Classes.
credit hours: 3

EENS 4160 Construction and Interpretation of 3D Stratigraphy
Construction and Interpretation of 3D Stratigraphy
Introduction to Remote Sensing From Earth surface to subsurface, this course uses three-dimensional volumes of basin-filling stratigraphy to explore how depositional landscapes are preserved in the sedimentary record and how sedimentary deposits can be analyzed to produce quantitative reconstructions of past environmental states.
Pre-requistites: EENS 3270
credit hours: 3

EENS 4180 Introduction to Remote Sensing
Introduction to Remote Sensing
Remote sensing is a rapidly evolving science and technology with numerous contributions to the Earth, environmental, and ocean sciences, such as monitoring of natural hazards including droughts, floods, landslides, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and forest fires. This course introduces the students to the principles of remote sensing with its wide applications in the Earth and environmental sciences. Fundamental knowledge is offered on the physics of remote sensing, photogrammetry, remote sensing data acquisition, remote sensing data types (multispectral, hyperspectral, RADAR, and LiDAR), and numerous applications. The course consists of two components: lectures and labs. In the lectures, the above topics will be reviewed and explained. The laboratory part of this course will cover digital image processing and analysis techniques using ENVI software.
credit hours: 3

EENS 4230 Tectonics
Tectonics
Tectonics encompasses the processes of large-scale deformation and the formation of structures that define, or are association with, Earth's tectonic plate boundaries. The course will include the historical development and testing of plate tectonic hypotheses, as well as a detailed overview of plate tectonics as a current unifying theory. Lecture format, but will include a limited number of discussions of published papers; field trip component is not graded, but participation is expected.
Pre-requistites: EENS 3410
credit hours: 3

EENS 4240 Advanced Oceanography
Advanced Oceanography
A broad survey of biological, chemical, physical, and geological oceanography with a brief historical overview and consideration of current concepts. There will also be an examination of biogeochemical relationships at macroscales, mesoscales, and microscales in the ocean.
credit hours: 3

EENS 4250 Isotopes in the Environment
Isotopes in the Environment
The use of stable and radioactive isotopes as tools to trace the movement of air, water, and sediments through the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and lithosphere.
credit hours: 3

EENS 4260 Paleoclimatology
Paleoclimatology
Understanding past climate change is necessary to effectively predict the future of our planet, which is currently in a state of rapid transition. The main focus of the course is on the reconstruction and modeling of climates of the Quaternary, the past two million years of Earth's history.
Pre-requistites: Approval of instructor.
credit hours: 3

EENS 4270 Major World River Systems
Major World River Systems
Major rivers are important environmental features on Earth's surface in terms of their impact on humans and their vulnerability to negative impact by human activities. This course will explore natural river and watershed processes and how humans affect and are affected by these processes. Case studies from across the world will be explored. 
Pre-requistites: EENS 3170 or approval of instructor.
credit hours: 3

EENS 4280 Stable Isotope Geochemistry
Stable Isotope Geochemistry
Students will learn about the distributions, exchange mechanisms, and fractionation factors of light isotopes (H, C, N, O, S) in the environment. Students will learn about measurement techniques and experimental design employing the powerful tool of stable isotope geochemistry and they will participate in an investigatory research project involving measuring isotope ratios.
credit hours: 3

EENS 4300 Groundwater Hydrology
Groundwater Hydrology
Occurrence of water in the near-surface environment. Topics include saturated and unsaturated flow in aquifers, aquifer characterization, well hydraulics, and groundwater chemistry.
Pre-requistites: CHEM 1070, 1080, MATH 1210, 1220, or equivalent.
credit hours: 3

EENS 4320 Subsurface Geology
Subsurface Geology
Principles of subsurface mapping with emphasis on 3-dimensional seismic reflection data. Utilization of geophysical data to construct subsurface maps. Students gain hands on experience with Seismic Micro-Technology's state-of-the-art software, The Kingdom Suite, in work-station based laboratory sessions. Lectures and laboratory.
Pre-requistites: EENS 3270, 3410, and approval of instructor.
credit hours: 3

EENS 4340 The Earth
The Earth
Earth as seen in the light of solid-earth geophysics: age and origin; seismology and structure of the interior; gravity, geodesy, and the geoid; heat budget; generation of the magnetic field and paleomagnetism; and geophysical constraints on plate tectonics. Lectures.
Pre-requistites: MATH 1210 and 1220, or equivalent, PHYS 1210 and 1220 or 1310 and 1320, and approval of instructor. 
credit hours: 3

EENS 4350 Geologic Dating Methods
Geologic Dating Methods
IN this course the student will explore the development of methods used to date and establish rates of Earth and planetary processes via radiogenic isotopic methods. Students will come away with deeper understanding of age of the Universe, Solar system, and Earth and understand how radiogenic isotopic techniques can be used to study, for example, differentiation of the earth into its major components (crust, mantle, core).
credit hours: 3

EENS 4360 Environmental Geochemistry
Environmental Geochemistry
Quantitative examination of the fundamental processes that control the chemistry of natural waters. Topics will include equilibrium thermodynamics, kinetics, oxidation-reduction reactions , solution and surface complexation (adsorption), chemical weathering and biogeochemical cycling of chemical elements in the environment.
Pre-requistites: CHEM 1070,1080; MATH 1210,1220; EENS 2110 or equivalent.
credit hours: 3

EENS 4440 Introduction to Geophysics
Introduction to Geophysics
Introduction to Geophysics This course provides an introduction to applied geophysical methods, with a focus on the application of these techniques in environmental and engineering studies. The material will provide the technical foundation needed to understand the commonly used geophysical methods: gravity, magnetics, electrical resistivity, seismic, electromagnetics, and ground penetrating radar.
credit hours: 3

EENS 4560 Internship Studies
Internship Studies
Open only to juniors and seniors in good standing. An experimental learning process coupled with pertinent academic coursework and supervision. Registration is completed in the department office.
Notes: Only one internship may be completed per semester. A maximum of six credits may be earned in one or two courses.
Pre-requistites: Approval of instructor and department.
credit hours: 0-4

EENS 4570 Internship Studies
Internship Studies
Open only to juniors and seniors in good standing. An experimental learning process coupled with pertinent academic coursework and supervision. Registration is completed in the department office.
Notes: Only one internship may be completed per semester. A maximum of six credits may be earned in one or two courses.
Pre-requistites: Approval of instructor and department.
credit hours: 3

EENS 4680 Volcanology
Volcanology
The study of volcanoes including volcanic landforms, eruptive mechanisms, and tectonic environments.
Pre-requistites: Approval of instructor.
credit hours: 3

EENS 4800 Air Pollution
Air Pollution
Provides both a conceptual and qualitative understanding of meteorology with major emphasis on air pollution. Overview of major air pollutants, including their sources, sinks, transformation, effects and related control technologies. Exploration of the meteorological basis for pollutant dispersion/transport.
credit hours: 3

EENS 4820 Soil and Water Pollution
Soil and Water Pollution
An introduction to soil and water pollution, as well as environmental modeling, contaminant fate and transport, and physiocochemical processes that affect contaminant bioavailability.
credit hours: 3

EENS 4840 Solid Earth and Planetary Geophysics
Solid Earth and Planetary Geophysics
The interior structure, composition, and dynamics of Earth and the terrestrial planets can be deduced from a number of different physical, chemical, and thermodynamic observations and models. Topics include: Early bombardment and formation of proto-planetary discs, core formation, Earth's composition and age from radioactivity and thermal considerations, thermal and density structure, geomagnetic dynamo, mantle convection, and plate tectonics, and their absence on other terrestrial planets. Special topics for in-class seminars will explore the methodologies used to determine the internal structure (e.g., seismology, gravity), and the dynamics of systems (e.g., geomagnetism, plate tectonics, the water and carbon cycle). Assessment: 2 in-class quizzes, 5 problem sets, 2 class presentations, and a final critical review of 2 linked research papers on a special topic to be assigned in class.
Pre-requistites: Calculus and Physical Geology, or equivalent
credit hours: 3

EENS 4910 Independent Studies
Independent Studies
credit hours: 1-3

EENS 4920 Independent Studies
Independent Studies
credit hours: 3

EENS 4950 Environmental Science Capstone
Environmental Science Capstone
credit hours: 3

EENS 6030 Environmental Spatial Analysis
Environmental Spatial Analysis
An introduction to the art and science of mapmaking with the aid of state-of-the-art Geographic Information Systems (GIS), specifically Environmental Sciences Research Institute (ESRI), ArcGIS and Golden Software Surfer. An introduction to geodetic models, map projections, geographic coordinate systems, global position systems, geographic information systems, satellite photogrammetry, and database design. Practical skills will be developed through mapping projects designed to illustrate the use of contouring algorithms and other spatial analysis tools.
Pre-requistites: Approval of instructor.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6040 Coastal Marine Geology
Coastal Marine Geology
Geomorphic features of estuarine, coastal, and continental shelf environments: erosional, depositional, and geochemical processes; field and laboratory methods; emphasis on dynamic coastal environments of the northern Gulf of Mexico.
Pre-requistites: EENS 1110/1115, 1120/1125, and CHEM 1070, 1080.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6050 Natural Disasters
Natural Disasters
An examination of the causes and effects of natural disasters, such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, subsidence, coastal erosion, flooding, severe weather (including hurricanes), and meteorite impacts. Also includes a discussion of options available to mitigate disasters.
Pre-requistites: Approval of instructor.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6060 Tectonic Geomorphology
Tectonic Geomorphology
The interplay between tectonic processes and the development and modification of landforms, from scale of earthquake ruptures to mountain building. The course will also include an overview of techniques for analyzing tectonic and geomorphic data, and an introduction to geochronology and thermochronology. Lecture and seminar format; mandatory field trip; optional service learning component. 
Pre-requistites: Recommended prior knowledge of structural geology and geomorphology.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6070 Geological Problems
Geological Problems
Topical and timely course, typically in a seminar format in which students lead discussions based on current scientific literature. The topics will be listed on a semester-by-semester basis in the Schedule of Classes.
Pre-requistites: Approval of instructor.
credit hours: 1-3

EENS 6080 Special Topics
Special Topics
Special course taught by Tulane faculty or visiting faculty. The topics will be listed in the Schedule of Classes.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6090 Invertebrate Peleontology
Invertebrate Peleontology
Principles of invertebrate paleontology; a systematic treatment of the fossil invertebrates and their living relatives. Emphasis on functional morphology, ontogeny, and paleoecology. Lectures, laboratory, field trip.
Pre-requistites: EENS 1120 or approval of instructor.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6130 Principles of Paleobiology
Principles of Paleobiology
Selected topics on macroevolutionary theories; phylogeny and the fossil records of metazoans; Major events in the history of life; Patterns of biodiversity through geological time; Taphonomy; Paleoecology.
Pre-requistites: EBIO 1010, EENS 1120/1140, EENS 6090, or approval of instructor.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6140 Igneous Petrology
Igneous Petrology
An in-depth study of the origins of igneous rocks from the standpoint of experimental investigations, thermodynamics, trace elements, radiogenic isotopes, and field investigations. Includes a laboratory.
Pre-requistites: EENS 2120 and approval of instructor.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6160 Construction and Interpretation of 3D Stratigraphy
Construction and Interpretation of 3D Stratigraphy
Study of the geomorphological, sedimentological, and stratigraphic responses of rivers to tectonics, climate, and sea-level changes. Discussion of recent scientific literature on river changes and associated stratigraphic records over time scales of 1 to millions of years. Formerly Fluvial Responses to Allogenic Controls.
Pre-requistites: EENS 3170 or EENS 3270 and approval of instructor.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6170 Geomorphology
Geomorphology
The study of processes leading to landform creation and development in response to climate and tectonics. Overview of fundamental and applied activities undertaken by geomorphologists.
Pre-requistites: EENS 1110/1115.
Co-requisites: Math 1210
credit hours: 3

EENS 6171 Geomorphology Discussion
Geomorphology Discussion
A discussion section to accompany EENS 3170/6170, Geomorphology.
credit hours: 0

EENS 6190 Marine Geology
Marine Geology
Survey of marine plate boundaries, ocean floor morphology, and paleooceanology and sedimentary history of the ocean basins and their margins.
Pre-requistites: EENS 1110/1130 or 1210.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6210 Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Global Biogeochemical Cycles
An introduction to the global biogeochemical cycles in fresh water, marine, and terrestrial ecosystems. Emphasis will be placed on key environmental issues as they relate to perturbations of these global cycles.
Pre-requistites: CHEM 2410, 2430.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6230 Tectonics
Tectonics
Tectonics encompasses the processes of large-scale deformation and the formation of structures that define, or are association with, Earth's tectonic plate boundaries. The course will include the historical development and testing of plate tectonic hypotheses, as well as a detailed overview of plate tectonics as a current unifying theory. Lecture format, but will include a limited number of discussions of published papers; field trip component is not graded, but participation is expected.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6240 Advanced Oceanography
Advanced Oceanography
A broad survey of biological, chemical, physical, and geological oceanography with a brief historical overview and consideration of current concepts. There will also be an examination of biogeochemical relationships at macroscales, mesoscales, and microscales in the ocean.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6250 Isotopes in the Environment
Isotopes in the Environment
The use of stable and radioactive isotopes as tools to trace the movement of air, water, and sediments through the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and lithosphere.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6260 Paleoclimatology
Paleoclimatology
Understanding past climate change is necessary to effectively predict the future of our planet, which is currently in a state of rapid transition. The main focus of the course is on the reconstruction and modeling of climates of the Quaternary, the past two million years of Earth's history.
Pre-requistites: Approval of instructor.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6270 Major World River Systems
Major World River Systems
Major rivers are important environmental features on Earth's surface in terms of their impact on humans and their vulnerability to negative impact by human activities. This course will explore natural river and watershed processes and how humans affect and are affected by these processes. Case studies from across the world will be explored.
Pre-requistites: EENS 3170 or approval of instructor.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6270 Major World River Systems
Major World River Systems
Major rivers are important environmental features on Earth's surface in terms of their impact on humans and their vulnerability to negative impact by human activities. This course will explore natural river and watershed processes and how humans affect and are affected by these processes. Case studies from across the world will be explored.
Pre-requistites: EENS 3170 or approval of instructor.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6280 Stable Isotope Geochemistry
Stable Isotope Geochemistry
Students will learn about the distributions, exchange mechanisms, and ractionation factors of light isotopes (H, C, N, O, S) in the environment. Students will learn about measurement techniques and experimental design employing the powerful tool of stable isotope geochemistry and they will participate in an investigatory research project involving measuring isotope ratios.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6290 Sedimentary Geochemistry
Sedimentary Geochemistry
Quantitative aspects of early sediment diagenesis. The topics examined include: sediment deposition, resuspension, bioturbation and accumulation; redox reactions; diffusion and desorption of dissolved species; and organic matter decomposition and storage. These basic concepts will be used to examine early diagenesis in a range of sedimentary environments.
Pre-requistites: EENS 3270 or approval of instructor.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6300 Groundwater Hydrology
Groundwater Hydrology
Occurrence of water in the near-surface environment. Topics include saturated and unsaturated flow in aquifers, aquifer characterization, well hydraulics, and groundwater chemistry.
Pre-requistites: CHEM 1070, 1080, MATH 1210, 1220, or equivalent.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6310 Depositional Mechanics
Depositional Mechanics
This course emphasizes a quantitative description of the mechanics of sediment transport in steady and unsteady flows based on hydrodynamic principles. Aspects of flow and sediment-transport mechanics that are relevant to understanding the construction of landscapes and depositional systems including modes of particle entrainment and motion in turbulent shear flows will be considered. The course includes consideration of the equations of motion for particles in a turbulent flow, entrainment, bedload, and suspended load in addition to the mechanics of bedforms, ripples, and dunes, parameters responsible for channelization, erosion, and deposition of cohesive and non-cohesive sediments, and the mechanics of sediment gravity flows. Finally, quantitative methods relating properties of stratigraphy to paleo-environmental conditions are considered.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6320 Subsurface Geology
Subsurface Geology
Principles of subsurface mapping with emphasis on 3-dimensional seismic reflection data. Utilization of geophysical data to construct subsurface maps. Students gain hands on experience with Seismic Micro-Technology's state-of-the-art software, The Kingdom Suite, in work-station based laboratory sessions. Lectures and laboratory.
Pre-requistites: EENS 3270, 3410, and approval of instructor.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6340 The Earth
The Earth
Earth as seen in the light of solid-earth geophysics: age and origin; seismology and structure of the interior; gravity, geodesy, and the geoid; heat budget; generation of the magnetic field and paleomagnetism; and geophysical constraints on plate tectonics. Lectures.
Pre-requistites: MATH 1210 and 1220, or equivalent, PHYS 1210 and 1220 or 1310 and 1320, and approval of instructor.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6350 Geologic Dating Methods
Geologic Dating Methods
Geologic Dating Methods IN this course the student will explore the development of methods used to date and establish rates of Earth and planetary processes via radiogenic isotopic methods. Students will come away with deeper understanding of age of the Universe, Solar system, and Earth and understand how radiogenic isotopic techniques can be used to study, for example, differentiation of the earth into its major components (crust, mantle, core).
credit hours: 3

EENS 6360 Environmental Geochemistry
Environmental Geochemistry
Quantitative examination of the fundamental processes that control the chemistry of natural waters. Topics will include equilibrium thermodynamics, kinetics, oxidation-reduction reactions, solution and surface complexation (adsorption), chemical weathering and biogeochemical cycling of chemical elements in the environment.
Pre-requistites: CHEM 1070, 1080; MATH 1210, 1220; EENS 2110 or equivalent.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6400 The Scientific Enterprise
The Scientific Enterprise
Scientific research has evolved into a complex activity that requires numerous skills which are typically not captured by traditional curricula. This course covers such topics as science funding, publishing, misconduct, media, and politics, and is specifically intended for (aspiring) graduate students.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6410 Structural Geology
Structural Geology
Principles and mechanics of rock deformation, the evolution of geological structures, and the relations between structures and plate tectonics. Laboratory section focuses on geological problem solving. Field trip to the Southern Appalachian Mountains.
Pre-requistites: EENS 1110/1115, 2110 and approval of instructor.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6440 Introduction to Geophysics
Introduction to Geophysics
Introduction to Geophysics This course provides an introduction to applied geophysical methods, with a focus on the application of these techniques in environmental and engineering studies. The material will provide the technical foundation needed to understand the commonly used geophysical methods: gravity, magnetics, electrical resistivity, seismic, electromagnetics, and ground penetrating radar.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6510 Micropaleontology
Micropaleontology
The foraminifera, ostracoda, nannofossils, conodonts and other groups of microfossils. Lectures and laboratory.
Pre-requistites: EENS 6090, EENS 4090 or elementary biology.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6550 Shark Paleobiology
Shark Paleobiology
This course examines the processes and patterns of shark speciation, diversification, macroevolution, and extinction within the framework of developing a problem-based learning activity using shark teeth for a K-12 classroom. Particular emphasis is placed on the systematics and functional morphology of shark teeth.
Pre-requistites: EBIO 1010, EENS 1120/1125, EBIO 3500, EENS 4090, or approval of instructor.
credit hours: 4

EENS 6680 Volcanology
Volcanology
The study of volcanoes including volcanic landforms, eruptive mechanisms, and tectonic environments.
Pre-requistites: Approval of instructor.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6690 Biochemistry of Estuaries
Biochemistry of Estuaries
Physico-chemical and biological aspects of the zone interfacing fresh water and marine environments. Emphasis will be place on the biogeochemical cycles of this highly dynamic ecosystem. Field trips to estuarine regions along the Gulf Coast.
Pre-requistites: CHEM 2420 and MATH 1220 or 1310.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6800 Air Pollution Fundamentals and Modeling
Air Pollution Fundamentals and Modeling
This course presents fundamental concepts associated with air pollution, its modeling and its control. The course discusses major air pollutants and their effects and provides insight into the meteorological basis for pollutant dispersion. IN a core portion, pollutant transport and dispersion modeling are introduced and students gain hands-on experience conducting their own air dispersion modeling with state-of-the-art software. Finally major types if control devices are discussed with regard to their scientific basis and operating principles.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6820 Soil and Water Pollution
Soil and Water Pollution
An introduction to soil and water pollution, as well as environmental modeling, contaminant fate and transport, and physiocochemical processes that affect contaminant bioavailability.
credit hours: 3

EENS 6840 Solid Earth and Planetary Geophysics
Solid Earth and Planetary Geophysics
The interior structure, composition, and dynamics of Earth and the terrestrial planets can be deduced from a number of different physical, chemical, and thermodynamic observations and models. Topics include: Early bombardment and formation of proto-planetary discs, core formation, Earth's composition and age from radioactivity and thermal considerations, thermal and density structure, geomagnetic dynamo, mantle convection, and plate tectonics, and their absence on other terrestrial planets. Special topics for in-class seminars will explore the methodologies used to determine the internal structure (e.g., seismology, gravity), and the dynamics of systems (e.g., geomagnetism, plate tectonics, the water and carbon cycle). Assessment: 2 in-class quizzes, 5 problem sets, 2 class presentations, and a final critical review of 2 linked research papers on a special topic to be assigned in class.
Pre-requistites: Calculus and Physical Geology, or equivalent
credit hours: 3

EENS 7030 Seminar in Paleontology and/or Stratigraphy
Seminar in Paleontology and/or Stratigraphy
credit hours: 3

EENS 7040 Seminar in Paleontology and/or Stratigraphy
Seminar in Paleontology and/or Stratigraphy
credit hours: 3

EENS 7100 Seminar in Geology
Seminar in Geology
credit hours: 3

EENS 7150 Advanced Topics in Sedimentary Geology
Advanced Topics in Sedimentary Geology
credit hours: 3

EENS 7160 Carbonate Petrology
Carbonate Petrology
Pre-requistites: EENS 6180, 6200.
credit hours: 3

EENS 7200 Introduction to Theoretical Geochemistry
Introduction to Theoretical Geochemistry
credit hours: 3

EENS 7230 Paleoecology of Marine Invertebrates
Paleoecology of Marine Invertebrates
credit hours: 3

EENS 7240 Studies in Stratigraphic Micropaleontology
Studies in Stratigraphic Micropaleontology
credit hours: 3

EENS 7500 Advanced Field Geology
Advanced Field Geology
credit hours: 3

EENS 7970 Research in Paleontology
Research in Paleontology
credit hours: 1-9

EENS 7990 Research in Geosciences
Research in Geosciences
credit hours: 1-9

EENS 9980 Master's Research
Master's Research
credit hours: 3

EENS 9990 Dissertation Research
Dissertation Research
credit hours: 3

EENS H4910 Independent Studies
Independent Studies
Individual studies in a selected discipline. Open to juniors and seniors in Tulane's Honors Program with approval of the instructor.
Notes: This course can be used to fulfill the capstone requirement of the Geology or Environmental Science Major.
credit hours: 3

EENS H4920 Independent Studies
Independent Studies
Individual studies in a selected discipline. Open to juniors and seniors in Tulane's Honors Program with approval of the instructor.
Notes: This course can be used to fulfill the capstone requirement of the Geology or Environmental Science Major.
credit hours: 3

EENS H4990 Honors Thesis
Honors Thesis
Open to seniors in the Tulane Honors Program. Culminating in a defended thesis based on substantial independent research overseen by a faculty advisor.
credit hours: 3

EENS H5000 Honors Thesis
Honors Thesis
Open to seniors in the Tulane Honors Program. Culminating in a defended thesis based on substantial independent research overseen by a faculty advisor.
credit hours: 3